1.- Descripción de la tarea

Caso práctico

En la industria del turismo hay cada vez más interés en y preocupacion por el efecto sobre el entorno y los países que se está visitando. Por ello, ha surgido el fenómeno de eco-turismo, cada vez más extendido y popular entre aquellos que quieren reducir su impacto. Debemos dejar nada excepto nuestras huellas y llevarnos nada excepto las fotos.

¿Qué te pedimos que hagas?

Desarrollo de la tarea

reading

1. Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

It may feel like India is full of issues when it comes to tourism but, in fact, like everything in India, they vary per region. And, in most cases, the issues are caused by poverty, inequality and sometimes just pure and simple inefficiency. India is a constant dichotomy, with hi tech companies in Bangalore, yet power blackouts a common occurrence in rural India. They have slum tourism and palace crawls in Mumbai. So, you can’t make generalisations about India. But most of all, Indian people will talk about them. They enjoy debate, can take criticism and, as this is in general a spiritual, caring country, they strive for positive change.

The one danger of us highlighting poverty as an issue in India is that it adds to the tired, clichéd conclusion reached by many tourists that India is just full of beggars and thieves.  It isn’t. Nor is everyone poor. In 2013, the Indian government stated 21.9% of its population is below its official poverty limit which, with a population of 1.27 billion, is a lot of people. Too many people, of course. However, since the 1950s, the Indian government has, with the help of food subsidies, improved agriculture and education, reduced absolute poverty levels by half, and greatly reduced illiteracy and malnutrition. However, poverty is not going to feature centre stage for tourists , even though it should do for politicians and economists. What is important to understand in India is that, very often, the negative impacts of tourism have been exacerbated because of a growing income divide. Tigers are still being poached because there is more money to be made by selling their body parts than selling safaris. Houseboats are still polluting the waters of Kerala because they are one of the biggest sources of income in the region. Elephant rides can feed a family for a week, even though the treatment of the animals is often unethical. Haggling in the bazaar is a quick temporary solution compared with raising funds to create a legal tourism business. And businesses turn a blind eye as it pays well.

The alleviation of poverty through tourism will never be a complete solution. But individuals can create change through tourism, sometimes by just making one small change of direction. Surprisingly, considering it is one of the biggest countries in the world, the tourist trail in India is still very predictable and heavily trodden. Stepping off it can have huge positive impact, even if just for half a day. Using local guides, supporting a wildlife sanctuary, staying in homestays, supporting vibrant new enterprises from literary festivals to backwater kayakers, visiting bazaars that aren’t in the guidebooks or cycling to a village and eating at a small family- owned restaurant, all make a huge difference. Not only to people’s daily lives, but also in growing the areas which benefit from tourism, and thus enabling them to gain support and recognition from tourist boards. This is worth its weight in gold alone.

As well as using responsible tourism companies, gaining their advice about donating to charities on the ground and appropriately when you are there, spread the word using social media. If you find a brilliant bar, tell everyone and hashtag #India. If you see illegal acts, tell everyone and hashtag #India. If you are moved to tears by beauty, tell everyone and hashtag #India. That’s the quickest way to erase the tired old clichés, and put positive word around. Because if ever there was a place to create change through crowd sourcing, India has to be it.

                                                                                                             Adapted from: https://www.responsibletravel.com/holidays/india/travel-guide/responsible-tourism-in-india
india

chico pobre de India

 

Read the text and answer the questions.

1.1 Say if these statements are true or false (you must justify your answers). (1.4 points)

According to the text

a)   India is fairly uniform.

b) Just under one-fifth of the population of India is poor.

c) Existing problems have been reduced because the difference in income has been reduced.

d) Businesses encourage poor Indians to conserve their environment.

e) In general, tourists to India are fairly limited in their itinerary.

f) By visiting out-of-the-way places , tourists contribute to price inflation.

g) People who are interested in responsible tourism should only donate money to charities outside the country.

1.2 Find word(s) in the text that mean(s) : (0.6 points)

a) important topics or problems

b) emphasising

c)  bargaining continuously about the cost of something

d)  illegally hunted

e) deliberately ignore something

f) private houses offered for people to spend the night

                                                                                                                                                                                                            

2. Listen to the radio programme and choose the correct answers.(2 points)

a) What is the purpose of the description at the start of the programme?

b) Give 3 examples of how people try to protect the environment in their day-to-day lives.

c) What are the 4 essential ingredients of eco-tourism?

d) What jobs are available for the locals in an eco-tourism nature reserve?

e) Why is it better for tourists to stay with the locals and not in hotels?

f) What advice is given with respect to local culture (at least 2 things)

g) What must you never buy?

h) What is the problem with flying for an ecotourist ?

3. Prepositions and adverbs

Complete the gaps with the correct word.(1.0 point)

a) I have been working here ____ 10 years.

b) They have lived here _____ the 1980s.

c) "How ______ have you been a manager? "   "About 6 years, I think."

d) I'm really keen ____ learning new languages.

e) "Have you finished the accounts ____?" " No, sorry, I have been busy."

f) I'm looking forward ___________ meeting the new manager.

g) She's fond ____ sitting on the terrace watching the sun go down.

h) They set ______ just before midday so they'll be here soon.

i) The best way to get _____ in Amsterdam is by bike, I think.

j) Have you _________eaten shark?

4. Complete the text with the correct adjectives from the box. There are more words than you need.(0.8 points)

   

relaxing    exciting    boring      exotic      breathtaking

 old-fashioned  crowded     relaxing  modern  safe    dangerous 

a) Some areas of the favelas in Rio de Janeiro are very _____- a tourist got shot there last year!

b) Singapore is a very ______ city (people don't even spit on the ground!) but it's also too _____ for me- you can't find any old buildings there any more.

c) To us, places like Thailand and Japan will always seem very ______;even if they do have coca cola and McDonald's like us, they also have Buddhist temples and monks dressed in orange.

d) What __________ scenery Iceland has!

e) Cities like Beijing and Bangkok are really _____- thousands and thousands of people- so after visiting them, I just wanted to have a _____ week at the beach doing nothing.

f) The museum was rather _____; there were no labels in English so we didn't know what we were looking at.

5. Futures (0.6 points)

Complete the sentences with the correct form of futures (future continuous, future perfect, will, going to or present continuous)

a) By this time next week we ____________________ (visit) 4 different cities.

b) "I'm not feeling very well".  "Ok, I __________ (get) you an aspirin."

c) "This time tomorrow I _____________ (sit) on a beach in Rio."   "Really? What time ____________________ (your plane/leave)?"

d) Mr and Mrs Brown ________________ (play) tennis at 1 o'clock- they've already booked the hotel court.

e) By 2040 we _______________ (take) holidays in space.

6. Present Perfect. (0.6 points)

Choose the best form.

a) I know/have known/knew Joe all my life. He's a great guy.

b) "Look. You're bleeding"  "Yes, I've been cutting/'ve cut/cut myself"

c) I live/have lived/am living in Seville for 3 years now. It's great.

d) "Where have you gone/been?"   "To the supermarket. I bought got some of those biscuits you like."

e) It has rained/is raining/has been raining a lot recently.


 7. Writing:

You receive the following letter of enquiry from a client. Design a brochure (at least 2 pages)  to send to them about an eco-tourist activity in your area ( you must invent it- do not use an already existing one). You can use one of the websites recommended in the Información de Interés section. (1.5 points)

 

   Toftwood Secondary School

Toftwood

Norfolk NR20 2A6

10th October

 

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am a teacher at Toftwood School in England. In May next year my class and I will be visiting your town for 3 days as part of a school language exchange. We are very interested in participating in some eco-tourism activities nearby. Could you please send us a brochure with full details? The children will be 15- 16 years old.

Thank you in advance

Yours faithfully

 John Smith

Consider:

prices

possible dates

activities (not just one- a variety as the client may not like the first offer)

8. Speaking (1.5 points)

Your boss at the office is very pleased with your plans for the client. In fact, she is so pleased that she has asked you to represent your company at the European Travel Agent's Awards. You must prepare and record a speech in which you justify the importance of responsible tourism for the tourist industry. The speech should last at least 2 minutes (include the text here and upload the audio along with the task).