4. How to do it

water sport
  Imagen de Jim Kelly en Flickr bajo licencia CC

As you can imagine, bungee jumping is not the only sport
Carlos and his sister practised in Canada. After this, they
have caught the outdoor adventuring bug.

After reading this advertisement they decided to spend a day
doing whitewater rafting on the Kicking Horse River near Banff.

As it was the first time they did this sport, they searched for
instructions on the Internet on how to do rafting.

 How to do whitewater rafting - Instructions
Imagen de Kenyaboy7 en Flickr bajo licencia CC

If you are interested in knowing how to properly navigate your boat down the river, take a few minutes to read the following instructions:

  • The first thing you should do is to decide the type of trip you are interested in.
  • After this, choose the length of the trip you would like to try. Usually a full river.
  • Next, select your boat size and style based on the size of your group.
  • Then, you are ready to go, right? Not yet anyway. 
  • Once you get your boat, there are a few things to consider. The most important is how to balance your boat. All riders should be strategically placed so that those of similar weight and paddling power are opposite each other.
  • The next step is to station the guide at the back of the boat so that this person can use his paddle like the rudder of a sail boat and move it back and forth to help steer the boat.
  • To finish, stay safe if you fall out of the raft. If you can, swim back to the raft. In the event you can not get back to the raft, float on your back with your feet pointed down river until you get to a shallow spot or to the bank. Use your arms and paddle to guide you.

This site  will be helpful to know how to use these sequencing words when writing the instructions of any process. Once you have watched the video, test your understanding by answering the questions of the quiz.



 Pen and paper
Imagen de Wil Taylor
en Flickr bajo licencia CC

Now that you are familiar with the language used to give instructions,
choose any topic and write instructions in the forum to explain to your partners
how to carry out the process.

Be sure to use sequence markers in your instructions and to use complete sentences.

For more examples of texts where the language of instructions has been used,
click here for a model to follow.