Paco visits Scotland and Wales: Scotland and the Scots


In this topic, you are going to learn about the Present Perfect Simple in detail as well as typical words that go with this verb tense. You have already seen some rules in topic 1 but here you are going to consolidate and extend this knowledge. You are going to compare the Present Perfect Simple with the Past Simple, for example, because the use of these two tenses can cause some problems.

But don't worry. You'll have plenty of practice to overcome any difficulties you might find.

In the last section we will be looking at informal letters, with different formulas you can use to begin and end them. It's easy!

Let's start!


Remember in English we have REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS. 

REGULAR VERBS: To form the past simple or the past participle,   add the suffix -ed.

IRREGULAR VERBS: have different forms. You need to learn them.

Here you have a list of the most useful irregular verbs in English.

Remember also how to form the Present Perfect Simple:

S + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE (-ed for regular verbs/ 3rd column for irregular verbs)

Further knowledge

As usual, here you have our useful robot to pronounce any word or phrase you might not know. And it's fun! Try it!

Click Mike to use it

You are about to start unit 2 in detail. You have just revised the structure of the Present Perfect Simple and the difference between regular and irregular verbs. You are going to listen to a good song in the next section. Come on!