4. Now go

Solved exercise: diphthongs

Let's study two English diphthongs: /aʊ/ and /əʊ/.

Although they are not difficult to pronounce, you must learn their common spellings, which are sometimes a bit confusing.

  • For instance, the diphthong /aʊ/ often appears in spellings 'ou', such as in 'house' or 'loud'.
  • /əʊ/ is, for example, the sound for 'oak', 'joke', 'so' or 'slow'.
  • Words such as 'pause' or 'dawn' are pronounced /ɔː/.

Try to put these words in their correct column. If you need any help, you can ask Alice.

goat, law, no, mouth, now, thought

/aʊ/ /əʊ/
other

 

 

   

Important

Pay attention to how these two diphthongs are pronounced by looking and listening carefully to these two videos.

/aʊ/

 

/əʊ/

Further knowledge

There is a really useful website to learn about different diphthongs in English and their pronunciation. Click here to visit the site! Don't miss it!

Solved exercise

Do you remember the song 'I will survive' from the second section? Listen to it again and decide the appropriate column for these words from the song:

now, around, to, thought, broken, so, without, no, hold, drop, love, how, know, down

/aʊ/ /əʊ/
other

 

 

   

Self-Assessment activity

Pregunta

What diphthong do these words contain? Ask Alice if you need any help.

Imagen en Flickr de wstera2 bajo CC

1. gown

Respuestas

a)/aʊ/

b)/əʊ/

c) other

Retroalimentación

Pregunta

2. trout

Respuestas

a)/aʊ/

b)/əʊ/

c) other

Retroalimentación

Pregunta

3. go

Respuestas

a)/aʊ/

b)/əʊ/

c) other

Retroalimentación

Now practice your English in the last section! Well done!