2. Paco is going to visit Dublin

Now we are going to focus on the Going to future.

As we did with will, here you have an explanation of its form and different uses

 

 

GOING TO FUTURE 

FORM

  • We use a form of to be  (am, are or is) + going to +  the infinitive of the verb.
Image
  • If we want to make a negative sentence, you only need to put the verb to be in the negative (am not / aren't / isn't)

 

We aren't going to spend our holidays at the beach this year. (No vamos a pasar las vacaciones en la playa este año)

 

  • For questions, you only have to do the subject - verb inversion with to be:

 

Are you going to study for the exam tomorrow? ( ¿Vais a estudiar para el examen mañana?

 

  • For short answers you need to use the verb to be in the affirmative or negative following this table: 

 

Are they going to play football tomorrow?  Yes ,  they   are
No,  they  aren't 

 

 

USES

 


We use the going to future in the following cases:

 1. Planned actions in the future. 

This weekend we are going to have a party at Mary's ( Este fin de semana vamos a hacer una fiesta en casa de Mary

 2. Actions that are about to happen or predictions based on a present evidence

Look at the sky! It's going to rain ( ¡Mira al cielo! Va a llover

 

 

Solved exercise

Let's have a look at the following examples:

Imagen en Flickr de Lydia Elle bajo CC
  • You are going to visit one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
  • We are going to see the most important Dublin sites from the bus.
  • I am going to tell you about all of them.
  • Fortunately, it's not going to rain.

1- What form of the verb comes after 'going to'?

2- What comes before 'going to'?

Self-Assessment activity

Complete the chart with the correct form of 'going to' in the affirmative, negative and interrogative:

AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE

I going to visit

You going to visit

He/she/It going to visit

We going to visit

You going to visit

They going to visit

I'm not going to visit

You aren't going to visit

He/She/It

We

You

They

?

?

he/she/it ?

?

?

?

 

You can have a look at this video as well!

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Further knowledge

Practice these exercises on 'be going to'.

  Exercise 1  
Exercise 2
  Exercise 3  

Important

Learn the correct pronunciation of 'going'!

The transcription of this word would be /gəʊɪŋ/, and not /gəʊɪng/ or /gəʊɪn/.

The 'g' must not sound but the 'n' is not exactly /n/. The sound /ŋ/ is found when the 'n' comes before a 'g' or a 'k', such as in: ring, anger, thanks, and sung.

Remember 'going to' is often pronounced 'gonna' in spoken informal English.

Self-Assessment activity

Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verb 'to be' and one of these verbs (they can go in the affirmative, negative or interrogative form):

look, buy, stay, ride, come

1. We going to our bikes tomorrow.

2. your parents going to later?

3. He is unemployed, so he going to for a job.

4. My friend Laura wants to have some fun so she going to at home.

5. I haven't got many clothes. I going to some.

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Let's contrast the two future forms in the next section!